Every year when flu season begins, new rumors begin flying and the old standards pop back up. You’ve heard many of them before: “The flu shot gives you the flu” or “Antibiotics will cure you.” We’re here to help you separate flu season fact from fiction.
1. If you’re young and healthy, you don’t need the flu shot.
FICTION. The flu does not discriminate — anyone can get the flu. Young, healthy individuals may be less likely to experience life-threatening complications from the flu, but why not protect yourself from the flu in the first place? Getting vaccinated not only helps you avoid the flu, but it also helps protect other, more vulnerable populations like infants and people with weakened immune systems.
2. Children need a special flu shot.
FACT. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend different flu shots for children, depending on their age and whether or not they have been vaccinated previously. Some kids may need a two-dose vaccine instead of the standard single-dose. And while many children were a fan of the needle-less nasal spray vaccine option available in the past, it is now considered ineffective and is no longer recommended. Talk to your child’s One Medical provider to find out which flu shot option is right for your child.
3. You don’t need a flu shot if gotten one in the past.
FICTION. According to the CDC, every person over the age of 6 months should receive a flu shot annually. Different strains of the flu virus are prevalent each year, so if you haven’t been vaccinated against one of this season’s common strains, you’re vulnerable to them. Also, keep in mind that your immunity declines over time. So, getting the flu shot each year restores your immunity to higher levels.
4. You need antibiotics to recover from the flu.
FICTION. Antibiotics are used to treat infectious diseases caused by bacteria. Influenza is a virus, so no amount of antibiotics will help you recover. Antivirals can provide some help once you’ve been diagnosed, but they’re most effective when taken within 48 hours of symptoms appearing. If you start showing flu symptoms, call One Medical or use Treat Me Now on the One Medical app to see if antivirals are right for you.
5. The flu shot is the best way to protect yourself against the flu.
FACT. The flu shot is the most effective way to ward off influenza. To avoid contracting or spreading the flu, use common-sense tactics: avoid spending time around sick people; wash your hands with soap and water regularly; avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth; disinfect surfaces and objects used frequently; and stay home from work if you are experiencing flu symptoms.
If you’re concerned that you might have the flu, use Treat Me Now on the One Medical app to get care without leaving the house. When you have the flu — or even just a cold — what you really need is rest!
6. The flu shot can give you the flu.
FICTION. Contrary to popular belief, the flu shot cannot cause you to get sick with the flu. Why? Because the version of the influenza virus in the vaccine is either inactivated (meaning it is no longer infectious) or not the virus at all (instead, it’s a substance designed to trick your body into thinking it’s the flu).
Still, you could feel a little under the weather after receiving the flu shot. Don’t worry if you get a headache, fever, nausea, muscle aches, or feel soreness, redness, or swelling near the injection site. Those are all normal side effects and should subside on their own within a couple days.
If you get sick beyond regular side effects, it’s possible that you were exposed to the flu before receiving the shot or before the shot took effect. It takes two weeks after getting the shot for your body to develop immunity to the virus.
7. Pregnant women need a special flu shot.
FICTION. According to the CDC, all flu vaccinations are safe for pregnant women, even those containing preservatives. The CDC also recommends that all pregnant women receive a flu shot to protect both mother and baby from potential complications. If you do feel more comfortable with a preservative-free flu shot, your local One Medical office will have those available for you.
8. I should wait until flu season peaks to get vaccinated.
FICTION. It’s important to protect yourself against the flu before outbreaks begin. The first seasonal flu outbreaks can occur as early as October, so it’s best to get your flu shot earlier.
For older people, immunity against the flu virus can decline more quickly than it does in younger people. The CDC recommends that people 65+ get the High-Dose vaccine (to trigger a stronger immune response that will last all season) to ensure they stay safe all flu season long. If you need the High-Dose flu shot, One Medical has you covered.
9. It’s too late to get my flu shot.
FICTION. While we recommend coming in as soon as possible, it’s still beneficial to get your flu shot later in the season. The flu virus may remain in circulation as late as March, and the flu shot can protect you.
The One Medical blog is published by One Medical, an innovative primary care practice with offices in Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Phoenix, the San Francisco Bay Area, Seattle, and Washington, DC.
Any general advice posted on our blog, website, or app is for informational purposes only and is not intended to replace or substitute for any medical or other advice. The One Medical Group entities and 1Life Healthcare, Inc. make no representations or warranties and expressly disclaim any and all liability concerning any treatment, action by, or effect on any person following the general information offered or provided within or through the blog, website, or app. If you have specific concerns or a situation arises in which you require medical advice, you should consult with an appropriately trained and qualified medical services provider.